Home > Name List By p > prop-2-enal

CAS No 107-02-8 , prop-2-enal

  • Name: prop-2-enal
  • Synonyms: Acrylic aldehyde; Ethylene aldehyde; 2-Propenal; Propenal;Acrylaldehyde; Allyl aldehyde; prop-2-enal;prop-2-enal; Acraldehyde;
  • CAS Registry Number:
  • Transport: UN 1092
  • Melting Point: -87.7 ºC
  • Flash Point: -26 ºC
  • Boiling Point: 52.7 ºC
  • Density: 0.8389
  • Refractive index: 1.402
  • Safety Statements: R11;R24/25;R26;R34;R50
  • Hazard Symbols: N: Dangerous for the environment;F: Flammable;T+: Very toxic;
  • Flash Point: -26 ºC
  • EINECS: 203-453-4
  • Molecular Weight: 56.06326
  • InchiKey: HGINCPLSRVDWNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • InChI: InChI=1S/C3H4O/c1-2-3-4/h2-3H,1H2
  • Risk Statements: S23;S26;S28;S36/37/39;S45;S61
  • Molecular Formula: C3H4O
  • Molecular Structure:CAS No:107-02-8 prop-2-enal
References of prop-2-enal
Title: Acrolein
CAS Registry Number: 107-02-8
CAS Name: 2-Propenal
Synonyms: acrylic aldehyde; acrylaldehyde; acraldehyde
Trademarks: Aqualin (Shell); Magnacide (Baker)
Molecular Formula: C3H4O
Molecular Weight: 56.06
Percent Composition: C 64.27%, H 7.19%, O 28.54%
Line Formula: CH2=CHCHO
Literature References: Prepd industrially by passing glycerol vapors over magnesium sulfate heated to 330-340°. Lab prepn by heating a mixture of anhydr glycerol, acid potassium sulfate and potassium sulfate in the presence of a small amount of hydroquinone and distilling in the dark: H. Adkins, W. H. Hartung, Org. Synth. coll. vol. I, 15 (1941). Formation from glycerol by the action of B. amaracrylus: Voisenet, Compt. Rend. 188, 941, 1271 (1929); by B. welchii: Humphreys, J. Infect. Dis. 35, 282; Chem. Zentralbl. 1925, II, 309. Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Arch. Ind. Hyg. Occup. Med. 4, 119 (1951). Review: L. G. Hess et al., in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology vol. 1 (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 3rd ed., 1978) pp 277-297. Review of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for Acrolein (PB91-180307, 1990) 157 pp.
Properties: Flammable liquid with pungent odor. mp -88°. d0 0.8621; d20 0.8389; d50 0.8075. bp760 52.5°; bp200 17.5°; bp100 2.5°; bp60 -7.5°; bp1.0 -64.5°. nD19 1.4022. Sol in 2 to 3 parts water; in alcohol, ether. Flash pt, open cup: <0°F (-18°C). Vapor pressure at 20°: 210 mm Hg. Unstable, polymerizes (especially under light or in the presence of alkali or strong acid) forming disacryl, a plastic solid. Absorption spectrum: Lüthy, Z. Phys. Chem. 107, 291, 298 (1923). LD50 orally in rats: 0.046 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp -88°
Boiling point: bp760 52.5°; bp200 17.5°; bp100 2.5°; bp60 -7.5°; bp1.0 -64.5°
Flash point: Flash pt, open cup: <0°F (-18°C)
Index of refraction: nD19 1.4022
Density: d0 0.8621; d20 0.8389; d50 0.8075
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.046 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin and mucous membranes; decreased pulmonary function; delayed pulmonary edema; chronic respiratory disease. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 6. See also Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, p 186.
Use: Manuf colloidal forms of metals; making plastics, perfumes; warning agent in methyl chloride refrigerant. Has been used in military poison gas mixtures. Used in organic syntheses. Aquatic herbicide.