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CAS No 13463-39-3 , carbon monoxide

  • Name: carbon monoxide
  • Synonyms: carbon monoxide; Tetracarbonyl nickel;Nickle carbonyl;nickel; RCRA waste no. P073; Nikkeltetracarbonyl [Dutch]; RCRA waste number P073; Nickel carbonyle [French];
  • CAS Registry Number:
  • Transport: 1259
  • Melting Point: -19°C
  • Boiling Point: 43°C
  • Density: 1,32 g/cm3
  • Water Solubility: slight
  • Safety Statements: Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, tumorigenic, and teratogenic data. A human poison by inhalation. Poison experimentally by inhalation, intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by inhalation: somnolence, fever, and other pulmonary changes. Vapors may cause coughing, dyspnea (difficult breathing), irritation, congestion and edema of the lungs, tachycardia (rapid pulse), cyanosis, headache, dizziness, and weakness. Toxicity by inhalation is believed to be caused by both the nickel and carbon monoxide liberated in the lungs. Chronic exposure may cause cancer of lungs, nasal sinuses. Sensitization dermatitis is fairly common. Probably the most hazardous compound of nickel in the workplace. A common air contaminant. It is lipid soluble and can cross biological membranes (e.g., lung alveolus, blood-brain barrier, placental barrier).A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Explodes when heated to about 60°. Explosive reaction with liquid bromine, mercury + oxygen, oxygen + butane. Violent reaction with dinitrogen tetraoxide, air, oxygen. Reacts with tetrachloropropadiene to form the extremely sensitive explosive dicarbonyl trichloropropenyl dinickel chloride dimer. Can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acid or acid fumes, it emits highly toxic fumes of carbon monoxide. See also NICKEL COMPOUNDS and CARBONYLS.Analytical Methods:   For occupational chemical analysis use NIOSH: Nickel Carbonyl, 6007.
  • Hazard Symbols: Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explodes at 60C (140F). A carcinogen (OSHA). TLV: 0.05 ppm(Ni).
  • EINECS: 236-669-2
  • Molecular Weight: 170.7338
  • InChI: InChI=1S/4CO.Ni/c4*1-2;
  • Risk Statements: 11-26-40-50/53-61
  • Molecular Formula: C4NiO4
  • Molecular Structure:CAS No:13463-39-3 carbon monoxide
References of carbon monoxide
Title: Nickel Carbonyl
CAS Registry Number: 13463-39-3
Synonyms: Nickel tetracarbonyl
Molecular Formula: C4NiO4
Molecular Weight: 170.73
Percent Composition: C 28.14%, Ni 34.38%, O 37.48%
Line Formula: Ni(CO)4
Literature References: Intermediate in nickel refining. Made by passing carbon monoxide over finely divided nickel: Mond et al., J. Chem. Soc. 57, 749 (1890); Gilliland, Blanchard, Inorg. Synth. 2, 234 (1946). Use of nickel carbonyl in organic synthesis: G. Wilke et al., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 5, 151 (1966); M. F. Semmelhack in Organic Reactions vol. 19 (Wiley, New York, 1972) p 115; E. J. Corey, H. A. Kirst, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 94, 667 (1972). Kinetic studies: D. H. Stedman et al., Science 208, 1029 (1980). Toxicity study: Hackett, Sunderman, Arch. Environ. Health 14, 604 (1967). Review: Nicholls in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry vol. 3, J. C. Bailar, Jr. et al., Eds. (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1973) pp 1115-1119.
Properties: Colorless, volatile liquid. Poisonous! Oxidizes in the air: explodes at about 60°. d17 1.318. bp 43°. mp -19.3°. Crit temp about 200°. Crit pressure about 30 atm. Sol in about 5000 parts water free from air; sol in alcohol, benzene, chloroform, acetone, carbon tetrachloride. LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 39 i.p.; 63 s.c.; 66 i.v. (Hackett, Sunderman).
Melting point: mp -19.3°
Boiling point: bp 43°
Density: d17 1.318
Toxicity data: LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 39 i.p.; 63 s.c.; 66 i.v. (Hackett, Sunderman)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are headache, vertigo; nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain; substernal pain; cough, hyperpnea; cyanosis; weakness; leukocytosis; pneumonitis; delirium; convulsions. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 222. See also Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, p. 145. Nickel compounds are listed as known human carcinogens: Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition (PB2005-104914, 2004) p III-181.
Use: In organic synthesis; production of high-purity nickel powder and continuous nickel coatings on steel and other metals.