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CAS No 75-36-5 , acetyl chloride

  • Name: acetyl chloride
  • Synonyms: 75-36-5; chloride; Acetic acid; Acetic chloride; RCRA waste no. U006;acetyl chloride; Acetic acid chloride; Acetylchloride;Ethanoyl chloride;
  • CAS Registry Number:
  • Transport: UN 1717
  • Melting Point: -112 ºC
  • Flash Point: 4 ºC
  • Boiling Point: 51 ºC
  • Density: 1.104
  • Refractive index: 1.3876-1.3896
  • Water Solubility: Highly flammable
  • Safety Statements: R11;R14;R34
  • Hazard Symbols: C: Corrosive;F: Flammable;
  • HS Code: 29159080
  • Flash Point: 4 ºC
  • EINECS: 200-865-6
  • Molecular Weight: 78.49762
  • InChI: InChI=1S/C2H3ClO/c1-2(3)4/h1H3
  • Risk Statements: S1/2;S9;S16;S26;S45
  • Molecular Formula: C2H3ClO
  • Molecular Structure:CAS No:75-36-5 acetyl chloride
References of acetyl chloride
Title: Acetyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 75-36-5
Molecular Formula: C2H3ClO
Molecular Weight: 78.50
Percent Composition: C 30.60%, H 3.85%, Cl 45.16%, O 20.38%
Line Formula: CH3COCl
Literature References: Prepd from acetic acid and chlorine in the presence of phosphorus; from acetic acid and salts of chlorosulfonic acid; from sodium acetate and sulfuryl chloride. Details of prepn: Gattermann-Wieland, Praxis des Organischen Chemikers (de Gruyter, Berlin, 40th ed., 1961) p 111; A. I. Vogel, Practical Organic Chemistry (Longmans, London, 3rd ed., 1959) p 367. Lab prepn from acetic anhydride and calcium chloride: Gmünder, Helv. Chim. Acta 36, 2021 (1953).
Properties: Flammable liquid; pungent odor. Extremely irritating to the eyes. Imparts a green tinge to a colorless flame. d 1.104. mp -112°. bp 52°. nD20 1.3898. Decomposed violently by water or alc. Miscible with benzene, chloroform, ether, glacial acetic acid, petr ether. Protect from water.
Melting point: mp -112°
Boiling point: bp 52°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3898
Density: d 1.104
CAUTION: Irritant, corrosive. Causes severe burns. Avoid contact with skin, eyes, mucous membranes.
Use: Acetylating agent; in testing for cholesterol, determination of H2O in organic liquids.